event Published at: 2017-01-20

The fourth Asia Pacific Hub Training has introduced series of methods to advance accountability of resource governance in Asia Pacific. Twenty six participants from 10 countries joined and experienced in cross-countries learning and exchanging expert practitioners aims to improve the quality of extractive governance in their respective countries as well as enhance multi-parties coalition for reform in the Asia Pacific countries members. This year, the course focused on the three thematic components, that are (i) Deciding to Extract and Getting a Good Deal, (ii) Managing Revenue Management, (iii) Strategies and Practices for Reform. In addition to the structures and methods, the course has launched new tools that are a called The Natural Resource Charter Benchmarking Framework. The instrument provides 170 questions and guidance for various actions to improve a country's resource governance.

We publish module of the training and some of the materials from the class sessions. You can download the documents for free through these following links. Furthermore, see also the activities through the photo gallery at the end of this page. If you need the completed materials, please contact us at email aspachub.polgov@ugm.ac.id 


2017 Module Scheme: Advancing Accountable Resource Governance in Asia Pacific  [Download]


Training Structure:

1. Introduction

The prologue gives information on the training setup and a glimpse of extractive industries governance. The training introduced a new tool, namely The Natural Resource Charter Benchmarking Framework[Download]


 2.Deciding to Extract and Getting A Good Deal 

This section is principally containing four key considerations that should be taken into account to decide whether or not natural resources will be extracted and to ensure that this decision resulted in a good deal. The considerations are business consideration, geological consideration, social-environmental impact consideration, and fiscal consideration. Sessions in this thematic component are covered in three full days.

Business Consideration

From a practitioner perspective, the resource person will explains the main economic considerations that drive the extractive industries, particularly for oil and gas. On top of that, this session also provides an overview on the oil and gas industry as one of the most important commodities in the extractive industries. Ananda Idris, an independent oil and gas consultant, shared his ideas and experiences in the oil and gas industry in Indonesia as well as in multinational companies. [Materials Download]

Geological Consideration

This session discussed about the nature of extractive industries, particularly in term of their exploration and exploitation characteristics and its impact to several aspect which lead to unique characteristics of extractive industries. Extractive industry in fact is giving enormous financial contribution to a country, but it also has several risks which may cause some refusal. Hendra Amijaya, a lecturer at Department of Geological Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, delivered the material in this session. [Materials Download]

Social-Environmental Impact Consideration

This session delivers an understanding of the extractive industries operation and the associated risks attached to the use of natural resources. This session aims to provide participants with the capacity to implement meaningful and effective instruments and is also important to developing participant's skills to manage or mitigate social and environmental risks and estimate downstream economic benefits once an extractive operation is underway. Through this session, the participant is expected to understand three aspects. Jelson Garcia, the NRGI Asia Pacific Director, delivered the material in this session. [Materials Download]

Fiscal Considerations

This session will provide a strong background on the financial rules included in contracts and legislation that set payment obligations, and the interaction among various elements of the extractive industries legal system. Two resource persons delivered the material. The Director of Legal and Economic Program of NRGI Patric Heller provided Legal Hierarchy/Contract Terms and The Deputy Chief of Staff of the Presidential Staff Darmawan Prasodjo delivered monitoring, evaluation, and development of the high priority program. [Materials Download]


3. Managing Resource Revenues

This section deals with the options and innovations on how to manage revenues from extractive industries in various scenarios. This includes examples and good practices at the national and sub-national level. In principle, this thematic component is divided into two main sessions: in class session and field trip.

Managing Revenue

This session will provide an overview on challenges of managing natural resources revenues, including ways to address challenges through the design of fiscal policies and improve the governance of relevant institutions. In this thematic component, participants' analytical skills will be enhanced through assessment of some study cases, practical examples and their challenges, identifying issues, and also group work. There are real life data/country case studies to be used during the session; the organizers will use regional examples such as Indonesia, Timor Leste, Philippines and Malaysia, and also global examples such as Norway, Peru, Ghana and Azerbaijan. The Economic Analyst of NRGI Andrew Bauer [Materials Download] and The Secretary of National Coordinator of Bantay Kita Cielo Magno [Materials Download] were presented as the resource persons.  

Field Trip to Bojonegoro

The activities in the field will be carried out in Bojonegoro, East Java. Throughout various meetings with key stakeholders at the local level (e.g. local government, mining company, local parliament, and community) the participants are encouraged to learn real-life challenges of managing natural resources revenue at the local level. Beyond this, interactions with key local stakeholders are also designed to facilitate sharing of knowledge and experience between participants and decision-makers in Bojonegoro. To understand the local contextual situation, training facilitators will provide an overview on the overall political and local governance setting in Indonesia.


4. Strategies and Practices for Reform

The section elaborates strategies and practices for reform that is common in extractive industries. The strategies and practices are transparency standard, anti-corruption tools, and high level advocacy and media messaging. On top of these strategies and practices, this thematic component will also discuss examples and good practices on the use of these tools and strategies. This thematic component is divided into three sessions which try to help the participants navigate contexts, drivers and scope of policy change. Amalida Savirani and Cornelis Lay, senior lecturers at Department of Politics and Government, Universitas Gadjah Mada delivered strategies to raise coalition for reform among the civil society organizations. [Materials Download]

Using Transparency Standard

This session is designed to provide the participants with an overview of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI). This session focuses on EITI’s historical background and its procedure in order to understand global political economy contexts that drove the establishment of the EITI, which is regarded as the most viable framework for the governance of natural resource extraction. This session will describe key policy areas in the EITI standard and link up with reform opportunities in the participants countries through group discussions. The session will end with country action plan on EITI implementation in the respective countries

Anti-Corruption Tools

The Indonesia Anti-Corruption Commission (KPK) is one of the most prominent actors for good governance in Indonesia. When this commission started to pay a particular attention to natural resources management, it is useful for practitioners to learn and possibly also collaborate through the use of anti-corruption tools. Although this session will mainly use cases from the Indonesian context, the participants are expected to be able to learn from some anti-corruption tools that are designed for a broader use. The Head of Corruption Prevention of the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) shared his experiences and delivered series tools to monitor and evaluate mining licenses. [Material Download]

High Level Advocacy and Media Messaging

Skills in advocacy and media messaging are crucial to ignite a reform processes. In addition to the content of the messages that have been discussed in previous sessions, a practical know-how of advocacy techniques will help participants to find the most effective ways that will provide fruitful outcomes of the advocacy. Traditional means of advocacy through lobbying and a more recent development of advocacy techniques will be elaborated in this session.


5. Wrap Up and Action Plan Development

This section aims to review all the training materials and prepare for post training plan. This final part is divided into two sessions. First, wrapping up session is to consolidate three thematic components that have been discussed. Second, developing action plan aims to encourage participants establish a monitoring mechanism for their action plan activities that can be develop individually and/or collectively.